A large number of U.S. employers would like to obtain more highly skilled foreign workers, but to do this they must first submit visa applications to a processing center. One such processing center is located in California. Ironically, many of these workers have advanced degrees that were obtained from American universities, and the education these people have received comes to no use for the U.S. if they are not allowed to work here.
The H-1B visa is the primary way for highly skilled workers to enter our workplace, and the demand for H-1B visas appears to be increasing. However, the level of acceptance of applications remains the same as was set back in 1990. The immigration system we now have in place based upon a lottery system ultimately results in about half of the applicants being rejected for these employment-based visas.
The restriction on the number of visas granted has appeared to have affected our economy. The economic growth since restrictions have been put in place has not what the many in the country would have desired, and there is an even greater need for skilled workers now since so many new forms of technology have come into place. At the same time, more foreign students are receiving degrees for math or engineering from our colleges.
Those employers wishing to hire on more skilled workers have relied upon immigration attorneys to help them out. Attorneys can advise businesses concerning their legal options. The reason why employers and attorneys have teamed up is because they understand the price we could pay for not allowing these individuals to work in our country.
A highly skilled worker who has had his or her visa rejected could very well end up working for a foreign competitor to many American companies. It's for that reason that at least one advocate is pushing for changes to our immigration system.
Source: The Hill, "Immigration lottery limits US employers," Lynden Melmed, April 1, 2014