In order to gain U.S. citizenship after birth, in California or any other state, people may apply for derived citizenship or they may apply for naturalization. Derived citizenship is based on a parent already being a citizen. Naturalization is governed by the Immigration and Nationality Act.
California residents who are U.S. citizens and who wish to bring spouses, unmarried children under 21 or parents from a foreign country to the United States can do so under certain conditions. Those individuals can get a visa number immediately, but some other family members may be able to do so as well. Children who are married or over the age of 21 as well as siblings may also be able to get a green card.
The California Supreme Court recently handed down an important ruling in favor of undocumented immigrant employees, which states that undocumented immigrants now have the legal right to sue their employers for certain illegal activities. Now under California law, if an employer reports an undocumented employee to immigration authorities as retaliation for a lawsuit or for reporting illegal treatment in the workplace, the business of that employer could lose its license, and the employer could face charges of criminal extortion.
Government agents may now be held accountable for coercing immigrants in California to sign voluntary departure forms after settling a lawsuit filed by the ACLU on behalf of a group of immigrant plaintiffs. The lawsuit accused the government of using intense pressure to compel illegal immigrants to sign the voluntary departure forms, which allowed the government to bypass the trial process to which these immigrants are entitled.